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Villa Acton-Pignatelli, Via Chiaia, Naples, Italy

Carl von Rothschild bought the Villa Acton-Pignatelli in 1841, and moved into it the following year. The villa had been built for an English Minister, Sir Ferdinand Acton, between 1826 and 1830. It was set in full view of the river Chiaia, surrounded by beautiful countryside. It was neo-classical in style, and Carl added two floors to house staff and officials. Here he and his wife, Adelheid, entertained distinguished guests, including Queen Victoria's favourite uncle, Leopold of Saxe-Coburg, who was to become King of the Belgians.

When the Rothschilds left Naples in 1861 with the fall of the Bourbon monarchy, Adolph, Carl's son, sold the villa to the Duke of Monteleone, Don Diego Pignatelli Cortes, with the exception of the two added floors; these remained in the family for another ten years. In 1960 the villa was acquired by the town of Naples. It is now a museum, Il Museo Principe Diego Aragona Pignatelli Cortes.

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