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Anthony Gustav (Tony) de Rothschild (1887-1961)

Anthony Gustav de Rothschild was born on 26 June 1887. After earning a double first in history at Trinity College Cambridge, where he was a tennis blue, Anthony joined the family firm. Within two years he had joined the Royal Bucks Hussars, serving from 1915 to 1918 and rising to the rank of major. He was wounded at Gallipoli and mentioned in despatches.

Anthony married Yvonne Cahen d'Anvers on 10 June 1926 and lived with her at Ascott. He was a keen horseman and judicious collector of Chinese porcelain. In 1950, he gave Ascott and the greater part of his art collection to the National Trust.

The period through which Anthony guided the London house could not have been more arduous. He was a partner from 1917 until 1961. The interwar years, dull times for merchant banks, were largely dominated at NMR by the operation to support the Creditanstalt in which the Viennese House was heavily involved.

In the 1930s and during World War Two, Anthony personally and the bank institutionally committed significant resources to assist Jewish refugees from Europe while maintaining the family's commitments to a number of Anglo-Jewish institutions. He became an active, life-long President of Norwood (then the Jews' Hospital and Orphan Asylum) in 1918, and of the Jews' Free School. Anthony was a founder of the Central British Fund for Jewish Relief and Rehabilitation until ill health forced him to stand down in 1957. From 1948 to 1956 he was Chairman of the Governors of St Mary's Hospital, Paddington.

He died on 5 February 1961, remembered as 'not only a charming companion, but a man of high principles and great integrity'.

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