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Alice Charlotte von Rothschild (1847-1922)

Alice Charlotte von Rothschild was born in Frankfurt on 17 February 1847. She spent her early years in Vienna, and had a rather lonely childhood after the death of her mother. From 1860, Alice spent increasingly long periods of time in England in the company of her cousins, Constance, Annie and Hannah, to whom she was especially close.

Her cousins remarked on her plainness, but found her graceful and attractive. She was at home in the English countryside, a fearless horsewoman usually surrounded by some of her many canine companions.

Alice spent much of her time at Waddesdon Manor, built by her widowed brother Ferdinand whose constant companion she became. She also had her own adjoining estate at Eythrope, and in London occupied 142, Piccadilly, next door to Ferdinand. Alice had suffered from rheumatic fever, which encouraged her to acquire the Villa Victoria at Grasse in which to spend the winter months.

In 1898, Alice inherited Waddesdon Manor upon her brother Ferdinand's death. She further added to his collections, contributing her own collection of arms and armour. That the collections and the house remained in such good order was largely due to her rigorous application of house rules. On the estate she was remembered for her concern for her employees and tenants, all of whom enjoyed the best conditions and care.

Alice was precise, punctual and memorably, the 'all-powerful', a name she earned after ordering one visitor to Grasse, Queen Victoria, off her flower beds.

Alice died in Paris on 3 May 1922.

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