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Hannah de Rothschild (1851-1890)

Hannah de Rothschild, an only child born on 27 July 1851, was one of England's greatest heiresses. Her good sense and presence of mind - she had often deputised for her mother on grand social occasions at Mentmore - made her an ideal political wife. An orphan by the time of her marriage to Philip Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery on 20 March 1878, she was given away by Disraeli.

Her husband, Archie, found her,' very simple, very unspoilt, very clever, very warm-hearted and very shy.....I never knew such a beautiful character'. Hannah had inherited Mentmore and 107, Piccadilly from her father. The collections at Mentmore were meticulously catalogued by her in memory of Mayer, to whom she had been devoted. Attentive and full of fun, Hannah had been his frequent companion at racing and yachting events.

The environs of the Mentmore estate were endowed with numerous bequests; schools, meeting rooms and houses bore her initials. In the Jewish community she was a generous, though often anonymous benefactor, but took a public interest in the school for the deaf and dumb founded by her mother. She was president for Scotland of the Queen Victoria Jubilee Institute for Nurses, taking a keen interest in general in the development of the nursing profession.

Hannah died on 19 November 1890 at Dalmeny, her husband's Scottish seat, of typhoid fever.