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Louis Nathaniel von Rothschild (1882-1955)

Louis Nathaniel von Rothschild was born in Vienna on 5 March 1882, the third son of Albert and Bettina. He was educated at the Theresianum Academy, before embarking on a banking apprenticeship in Hamburg and New York.

On Albert's death in 1911, Louis found himself managing the family firm which continued to play an active role in the Witkowitz iron works and the Florisdorf Engineering works. He was also chairman of the Creditanstalt.

Louis brazened out the machinations of the Nazis in Austria, but he was arrested after the Anschluss and spent a year in prison, refusing to hand over Witkowitz, the price of his freedom. On his eventual release in July 1939, Louis headed for the USA.

On 14 August 1946, Louis married the Countess Hildegard Johanna Caroline Marie Auersperg, and the couple settled on a farm in Vermont. He enjoyed the mountains, and was able to continue with his other hobbies, including botany, and golf, which replaced the polo of his early years.

He died while swimming in Montego Bay on 15 January 1955.